Urinalysis and Fecal Examinations

What is a urinalysis?

A complete urinalysis involves taking a sample of your dog or cat’s urine and testing it for the presence of blood, glucose, ketones and inflammatory cells. We also determine the specific gravity of the urine which lets us know something about how well the kidneys can concentrate the urine. Finally, we examine a specimen of urine under a microscope looking for cell types and crystals.

Why should I have my dog or cat’s urine evaluated?

Any time your pet has difficulty urinating or you see blood in your pet’s urine, a urinalysis should be performed. Your veterinarian may also have the periodic urinalysis run if your pet has kidney disease or diabetes.

What are fecal examinations?

Fecal examinations are done to evaluate the presence or absence of intestinal parasite eggs. Individual fecal tests can also be done to identify DNA of intestinal parasites in stool samples. Bacteriologic testing can also be done to evaluate common organisms that may cause diarrhea conditions.

How often should I have my dog or cat’s feces examined?

Puppies and kittens should have at least three monthly fecal tests for routine parasites. Adult dogs are typically done once a year or if medical conditions indicate testing.

Can fecal test determine the type of bacteria in my pet’s stool?

There are specialized tests that can identify specific bacteria such as Salmonella, E Coli or Clostridial organisms in a stool sample. Full Circle Veterinarians will direct you to the appropriate tests.

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